அரசியல் பிரச்சாரத்தின் ஆதாரக் கோட்பாடு

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அரசியல் பிரச்சாரத்தின் ஆதாரக் கோட்பாடு.

'' நீதி, மதம், அரசியல், சமுதாயம் சம்பந்தமான எல்லாவித சொல்லடுக்குகளுக்கும் பிரகடனங்களுக்கும் வாக்குறுதிகளுக்கும் பின்னே ஏதாவதொரு வர்க்கத்தின் நலன்கள் ஒழிந்து நிற்பதைக் கண்டுகொள்ள மக்கள் தெரிந்துகொள்ளாத வரையில் அரசியலில் அவர்கள் முட்டாள்தனமான ஏமாளிகளாகவும் தம்மைத் தாமே ஏமாற்றிக்கொள்வோராகவும் இருந்தனர், எப்போதும் இருப்பார்கள். பழைய ஏற்பாடு ஒவ்வொன்றும் எவ்வளவுதான் காட்டு மிராண்டித் தனமாகவும் அழுகிப் போனதாகவும் தோன்றிய போதிலும் ஏதாவது ஒரு ஆளும்வர்க்கத்தின் சக்தியைக் கொண்டு அது நிலைநிறுத்தப்பட்டு வருகிறது. சீர்திருத்தங்கள், அபிவிருத்திகள் ஆகியவற்றின் ஆதரவாளர்கள் இதை உணராத வரையில் பழைய அமைப்பு முறையின் பாதுகாவலர்கள் அவர்களை என்றென்றும் முட்டாளாக்கிக் கொண்டே இருப்பார்கள். இந்த வர்க்கங்களின் எதிர்ப்பைத் தகர்த்து ஒழிப்பதற்கு ஒரே ஒரு வழிதான் உண்டு. அது என்ன?

பழைமையைத் துடைத்தெறியவும் புதுமையைச் சிருக்ஷ்டிக்கவும் திறன் பெற்றவையும், சமுதாயத்தில் தாங்கள் வகிக்கும் ஸ்தானத்தின் காரணமாக அப்படிச் சிருக்ஷ்டித்துக் தீரவேண்டிய நிர்ப்பந்தத்திலிருக்கிறவையுமான சக்திகளை, நம்மைச் சூழ்ந்துள்ள இதே சமுதாயத்துக்குள்ளேயே நாம் கண்டுபிடித்து, அந்தச் சக்திகளுக்கு ஞானமூட்டிப் போராட்டத்துக்கு ஸ்தாபன ரீதியாகத் திரட்ட வேண்டும். இது ஒன்றேதான் வழி. ''

மாமேதை தோழர் லெனின்
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Sunday, 27 November 2016

இடது தேசியவாதி பிடலுக்கு ஈழத்தின் அஞ்சலி


பிந்திய செய்தி:

மறைந்த கியூபாவின் முன்னாள் அதிபரும், புரட்சியாள‌ருமான பிடல் காஸ்ட்ரோவின் இறுதிச்சடங்கு தலைநகர் ஹவானாவில் இன்று மாலை December 04, 2016 நடைபெறுகிறது.


கியூபாவின் புரட்சியாளரும், அந்நாட்டின் முன்னாள் அதிபருமான பிடல் காஸ்ட்ரோ உடல்நலக்குறைவு காரணமாக நவம்பர் மாதம் 25-ஆம் தேதி உயிரிழந்தார். அவருக்கு வயது 90. பிடல் காஸ்ட்ரோவின் விருப்பத்திற்கிணங்க அவரது உடல் இறந்த சிலமணி நேரங்களுக்குள்ளாகவே தகனம் செய்யப்பட்டது.

இந்நிலையில் பொதுமக்களின் அஞ்சலிக்காக அவரது சாம்பல் நாடு முழுவதும் உள்ள முக்கிய நகரங்களுக்கு எடுத்துச்செல்லப்பட்டு பொதுமக்கள் அஞ்சலி செலுத்த ஏற்பாடு செய்யப்பட்டது. நாட்டு மக்களின் அஞ்சலிக்குப் பின்னர், இன்று மாலை ஹவானாவில் காஸ்ட்ரோவின் சாம்பல் அடக்கம் செய்யப்படுகிறது.

December 04, 2016 - 07:44 AM


World News | Sun Dec 4, 2016 | 2:35am EST
Cuba's Raul Castro vows to defend brother's legacy in final tribute
 
By Diego Oré and Sarah Marsh | SANTIAGO, Cuba

President Raul Castro led tens of thousands of Cubans on Saturday in a pledge to defend the socialist legacy of his brother Fidel Castro, who died last week aged 90 and will be interred in the city where they launched the Cuban Revolution.

But Fidel Castro's image will not be immortalized with statues nor will public places be named after him, Raul Castro said, in keeping with his older brother's wishes.

"This is the unconquered Fidel who calls us with his example," the president, dressed in his four-star general's uniform, told a crowd that had burst into chants of "I am Fidel."

"Yes, we will overcome any obstacle, turmoil or threat in the building of socialism in Cuba," the 85-year-old Castro said in a speech before Santiago's packed central plaza.

His ashes will be entombed near the remains of Cuba's independence hero Jose Marti in a simple ceremony beginning on Sunday at 7 a.m. (1200 GMT), concluding nine days of national mourning.

Raul Castro was joined on the stage by leftist foreign dignitaries and the Cuban political leadership to bid farewell to the man known to most Cubans as "El Comandante" - the commander - or simply "Fidel."

"The loss of El Comandante does not mean we will go stagnant," said Ansel Hechavarria, 61, a mechanic hoisting a large Cuban flag just before the 90-minute ceremony began. "We are going to continue his legacy."

After two days of events in Havana, Castro's funeral cortege departed on a three-day, 600-mile (1,000-km) journey east, retracing the route that the triumphant, bearded rebels took upon overthrowing the U.S.-backed Fulgencio Batista in 1959.


REJECTING 'CULT OF PERSONALITY'

Raul Castro said "millions" had come out to pay tribute. Crowds have greeted the caravan along the whole route, with volunteers sprucing up bridges and houses with fresh paint in Castro's honor.

Castro's critics have kept a low profile during the official nine-day mourning period that ends Sunday, but dissident writer Yoani Sanchez took to Twitter to criticize the hagiographical tributes.

"The reality has gone from 'delirious' to 'hallucinatory,' like a nightmare that does not end and worsens if we turn on the TV," she said.

Although billboards with Castro quotes stand throughout the country and his portrait hangs from numerous government buildings and in private homes, there are no statues or landmarks named after him.

"The leader of the revolution rejected any manifestation of a cult of personality," Raul Castro said, adding that a law banning such homages would be presented to the National Assembly when it meets later this month.

With his brother at his side, Castro began his revolution on July 26, 1953, with a failed assault on the Moncada barracks in the eastern city of Santiago.

He went on to build a Soviet-sponsored Communist state 90 miles (145 km) from the United States and survived a half century of U.S. attempts to topple or kill him.

Castro's socialist government survived the fall of the Berlin Wall, but at the cost of more than a decade of great economic hardship that was relieved by the largesse of his political disciple, the late Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez.

"In the unipolar world, the one of transnationals that arose after the fall of the socialist bloc, the permanent lesson of Fidel is that, yes, it can done, man is capable of overcoming the most difficult conditions," Raul Castro said.

Over the past two decades a clutch of leftist governments rose to power in Latin America inspired by his ideas and fierce opposition to the United States. Several have now been defeated at the ballot box.
High-profile friends of Castro, including Bolivian President Evo Morales and former Brazilian Presidents Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff, arrived for the evening sendoff.

Lula was a close ally of Cuba when he was president from 2003 to 2010, as was his successor Rousseff until she was impeached this year.

(Additional reporting by Nelson Acosta; Writing by Daniel Trotta and Frank Jack Daniel; Editing by Tom Brown and Mary Milliken)
 

Saturday, 26 November 2016

2016 மாவீரர் நாமம் வாழ்க! ஈழம் வெல்க!

 
    


 
 
2016 மாவீரர் சுவரொட்டி- முழக்கங்கள்
 
* நல்லிணக்க நாடகமாடியவண்ணம், அமெரிக்க ஐரோப்பிய ஏகாதிபத்தியவாதிகளும், இந்திய விரிவாதிக்கவாதிகளும்,
ஐ.நா.கும்பலும் ஒரு சேரக் கை கோர்த்து ஈழ தேசிய ஜனநாயக விடுதலைப் புரட்சி இயக்கத்தை, சாதி,மத, பூசல்களைத் தூண்டி சீரழிக்கும் மோசடியை முறியடிப்போம்!
 
* இதற்கு அரசியல் அடித்தளமிட;
`அரசியல் அமைப்புத் திருத்தம்`, 13 வது திருத்தம் என பசப்பும், சமஸ்டி சமரச சக்திகளைத் தனிமைப்படுத்துவோம்!
 
*இதற்கு ஸ்தாபன அடித்தளமாக விளங்கும்;
அந்நிய `மத,அரசியல்,அபிவிருத்தி,ஊடக,மனிதாபிமான` அனைத்து NGO களையும் தடை செய்யக் கோருவோம்!
 
* போர்க்குற்றவாளிகளுக்கு தண்டனை அளிக்க போராடுவோம்!
 
* ஈழப்பிரிவினைப் பொது வாக்கெடுப்புக்கு அறைகூவுவோம்!
 
* யுத்தக் கைதிகளின் விடுதலை கோரி எழுவோம்,
யுத்த மறுவாழ்வின் ஆதாரத் தேவைகளுக்காகப் போராடுவோம்!
 
* உலக மறுபங்கீட்டு, உலகப் போர் முனைப்புகளை எதிர்ப்போம்!
 
* மார்க்சிய லெனினிய மா ஓ சிந்தனை வழி நடப்போம்!
 
* உலகத் தொழிலாளர்களே ஒடுக்கப்பட்ட தேசங்களே ஒன்று சேருங்கள்!
 
புதிய ஈழப் புரட்சியாளர்கள்.                                        Eelam New Bolsheviks

Tuesday, 22 November 2016

Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro dies aged 90



Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro dies aged 90
 
"For everyone in Cuba and outside his death is very sad," said Havana resident Luis Martinez. "It is very painful news."
By Marc Frank and Nelson Acosta | HAVANA
 
 
 
Many love him and share his faith in communism, and even some who abandoned their political belief still respect him.

 
Fidel Castro, the Cuban revolutionary who built a communist state on the doorstep of the United States


 

Fidel Castro, the Cuban revolutionary who built a communist state on the doorstep of the United States and for five decades defied U.S. efforts to topple him, died on Friday. He was 90.

A towering figure of the 20th century and Cold War icon, Castro stuck to his ideology beyond the collapse of Soviet communism and remained widely respected in parts of the world that struggled against colonial rule.

Castro had been in poor health since an intestinal ailment nearly killed him in 2006. He formally ceded power to his younger brother, Raul, two years later.

Wearing a green military uniform, a somber Raul, 85, appeared on state television on Friday night to announce Fidel's death, 60 years to the day since the two brothers and dozens of supporters left Mexico on a boat to take revolution to Cuba.

"At 10:29 at night, the chief commander of the Cuban revolution, Fidel Castro Ruz, died," he said, without giving a cause of death."Ever onward, to victory," he said, using the slogan of the Cuban revolution.

A mix of tributes and condemnation poured in from allies and foes around the world.
"History will record and judge the enormous impact of this singular figure on the people and world around him," U.S. President Barack Obama said, extending "a hand of friendship" to
Cuba.

Obama's elected successor, Donald Trump, issued a blunt statement calling Castro "a brutal dictator who oppressed his own people for nearly six decades."

"Fidel Castro's legacy is one of firing squads, theft, unimaginable suffering, poverty and the denial of fundamental human rights," Trump said.Venezuela's socialist president, Nicolas Maduro, urged revolutionaries to follow Castro's legacy, while Chinese President Xi Jinping said "the Chinese people have lost a close comrade and a sincere friend."

DECADES OF HOSTILITY

Raul Castro, who glorified his older brother, has nonetheless changed Cuba by introducing market-style economic reforms and agreeing with the United States in December 2014 to
re-establish diplomatic ties and end decades of hostility.

It is unclear whether Trump, who takes office on Jan. 20, will continue efforts to normalize relations with Cuba or fulfill a campaign promise to close the U.S. embassy in Havana once again.

Fidel Castro himself offered only lukewarm support for the 2014 deal with Washington, raising questions about whether he approved of ending hostilities with his longtime enemy, a conflict that took the world to the brink of nuclear war during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.

He did not meet Barack Obama when he visited Havana earlier this year, the first time an American president had stepped foot on Cuban soil since 1928.

Days later, Fidel wrote a scathing newspaper column condemning Obama's "honey-coated" words and reminding Cubans of the U.S. efforts to overthrow the Communist government.

Cuba has declared nine days of mourning, during which time Castro's ashes will be taken to different parts of the country. A burial ceremony will be held on Dec. 4.

There will be no top level games of baseball - Castro's passion after politics - for the nine-day mourning period, the sport's national federation declared.

Hundreds of students gathered in Havana on Saturday to honor Castro, and mass rallies are planned for the coming days.

"When I found out Fidel had died, I felt such pain. I cried," said Badanys Rodriguez, 39, proudly showing off a tattoo on his shoulder of late Argentine revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara, one of Castro's closest comrades in the revolution.

However, in Miami, where many exiles from Castro's government live, a large crowd waving Cuban flags cheered, danced and banged on pots and pans to celebrate the passing of a man they loathed.

MILITARY FATIGUES, CIGARS

The bearded Fidel Castro took power in a 1959 revolution and ruled Cuba for 49 years with a mix of charisma and iron will, creating a one-party state and becoming a central figure in
the Cold War.

He was demonized by the United States and its allies for his repression of dissent at home and support of rebellion abroad, but admired by many leftists around the world, especially
in Latin America and Africa.

Nelson Mandela, once freed from prison in 1990, repeatedly thanked Castro for his efforts in helping to weaken apartheid.

In April, in a rare public appearance at the Communist Party conference, Fidel Castro shocked party apparatchiks by referring to his own imminent mortality.

"Soon I will be like all the rest. Our turn comes to all of us, but the ideas of the Cuban communists will remain," he said.

Transforming Cuba from a playground for rich Americans into a symbol of resistance to Washington, Castro crossed swords with 10 U.S. presidents while in power, and outlasted nine of them.

He fended off a U.S.-backed invasion at the Bay of Pigs in 1961 and claimed he survived or evaded hundreds of assassination attempts, including some conjured up by the CIA.

Wearing green military fatigues and chomping on cigars for many of his years in power, Castro was famous for long, fist-pounding speeches filled with blistering rhetoric, often aimed at the United States.

At home, he swept away capitalism and won support for bringing schools and hospitals to the poor. But he also created legions of enemies and critics, concentrated among the exiles in Miami who saw him as a ruthless tyrant.

"With Castro's passing, some of the heat may go out of the antagonism between Cuba and the United States, and between Cuba and Miami, which would be good for everyone," said William M. LeoGrande, co-author of a book on U.S.-Cuba relations.

Castro's death - which would once have thrown a major question mark over Cuba's future - seems unlikely to trigger a crisis as Raul Castro is firmly ensconced in power.

Fidel Castro no longer held leadership posts in his final years. He wrote newspaper commentaries on world affairs and occasionally met foreign leaders, but lived in semi-seclusion.

Still, the death of the man known to most Cubans as "El Comandante" - the commander - or simply "Fidel" leaves a void in the country he dominated for so long. It also underlines the generational change in Cuba's communist leadership.

Raul Castro has vowed to step down when his term ends in 2018, and the Communist Party has elevated younger leaders to its Politburo, including 56-year-old Miguel Diaz-Canel, who is first vice president and the heir apparent.

REVOLUTIONARY ICON

A Jesuit-educated lawyer, Fidel Castro led the revolution that ousted U.S.-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista on Jan. 1, 1959. Aged 32, he quickly took control of Cuba and sought to transform it into an egalitarian society.

His government improved the living conditions of the very poor, achieved health and literacy levels on a par with rich countries and rid Cuba of a powerful Mafia presence.

But he also cracked down on dissent, jailed his opponents, seized private businesses and homes, and monopolized the media.Hundreds of thousands of Cubans fled the island.

"The dictator Fidel Castro has died, the cause of many deaths in Cuba, Latin America and Africa," said Jose Daniel Ferrer, leader of the island's largest dissident group, the Patriotic Union of Cuba.

Many dissidents settled in Florida, influencing U.S. policy toward Cuba and plotting Castro's demise. Some even trained in the Florida swamps for the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion. But they could never dislodge him.

In 1962, the United States imposed a damaging trade embargo that Castro blamed for most of Cuba's ills, using it to his advantage to rally patriotic fury.

Over the years, he expanded his influence by sending Cuban troops into faraway wars, including 350,000 to fight in Africa. They provided critical support to a left-wing government in Angola and contributed to the independence of Namibia in a war that helped end apartheid in South Africa.

Castro also won friends by sending tens of thousands of Cuban doctors abroad to treat the poor
and bringing young people from developing countries to train them as physicians.

Born on Aug. 13, 1926, in Biran, eastern Cuba, Castro was the son of a Spanish immigrant who became a wealthy landowner.

Angry at social conditions and Batista's dictatorship, Castro launched his revolution on July 26, 1953, with a failed assault on the Moncada barracks in the eastern city of Santiago.

"History will absolve me," he declared during his trial.

He was sentenced to 15 years in prison but was released in 1955 after a pardon that would come back to haunt Batista.

Castro went into exile in Mexico and prepared a small rebel army to fight Batista, including "Che" Guevara.

On Nov. 25, 1956, Castro and a ragtag band of 81 followers set sail from the Mexican port of Tuxpan aboard an overloaded yacht called "Granma," reaching Cuba in early December.

Only 12, including Fidel, Raul and Guevara, escaped a government ambush when they landed in eastern Cuba.

Taking refuge in the rugged Sierra Maestra mountains, they built a guerrilla force of several thousand fighters who, along with urban rebel groups, defeated Batista's military in just over two years.

Early on, at the height of the Cold War, Castro allied Cuba to the Soviet Union, which protected the Caribbean island and was its principal benefactor for three decades.

The alliance brought in $4 billion worth of aid annually, including everything from oil to guns, but also provoked the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis when the United States discovered Soviet missiles on the island.

Convinced that the United States was about to invade Cuba, Castro urged the Soviets to launch a nuclear attack.Cooler heads prevailed.

Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev and U.S. President John F. Kennedy agreed the Soviets would withdraw the missiles in return for a U.S. promise never to invade Cuba.
  SPECIAL PERIOD'

When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, an isolated Cuba fell into an economic crisis that lasted for years and was known as the "special period." Food, transport and basics such as soap were scarce and energy shortages led to frequent and long blackouts.

Castro undertook a series of tentative economic reforms to get through the crisis, including opening up to foreign tourism.

The economy improved when Venezuela's late socialist leader, Hugo Chavez, who looked up to Castro as a hero, came to the rescue with cheap oil. Aid from communist-run China also
helped, but Venezuelan support has eased since Chavez's death in 2013.

Plagued by chronic economic problems, Cuba's population of 11 million has endured decades of hardship, although not the deep poverty, violent crime and government neglect of many other developing countries.

Cuban state workers earn on average the equivalent of $25 a month and struggle to make ends meet even in an economy where education and healthcare are free and many basic goods and services are heavily subsidized.

Still, for most Cubans, Castro has been the ubiquitous figure of their lives.

Many love him and share his faith in communism, and even some who abandoned their political belief still respect him.

"For everyone in Cuba and outside his death is very sad," said Havana resident Luis Martinez. "It is very painful news."

(Reporting by Daniel Trotta, Marc Frank, Sarah Marsh and Simon Gardner; Additional reporting by Ana Isabel Martinez; Editing by Kieran Murray, Bill Rigby, Jonathan Oatis and
Jacqueline Wong)

Death By Demonetisation

Death By Demonetisation
by Satya Sagar — November 17, 2016 



The abrupt demonetisation of 500 and 1000 rupee notes by the Narendra Modi regime is a drastic move that is staggering in its scale, ambition and repurcussions. The only other figures in modern history one can think of, devious or stupid enough to attempt something similar, are the likes of Marcos, Suharto, Idi Amin and Pol Pot.

For all its audacity however, the decision could go down also as the grandest of blunders made by anyone in Indian political history. Poorly planned and implemented it is likely to prove disastrous not only for the country’s economy but – ironically enough,– for the BJP’s own electoral fortunes.

The abolition of the two currency notes – that make up 86% of all cash in circulation in the Indian economy –  has affected almost every family in the second most populous nation on the planet. The harassment of the common citizen – particularly from the ranks of the urban and rural poor-through denial of access to income, savings and livelihood will not be forgotten anytime soon.

The Modi government’s  supporters have termed demonetisation a ‘surgical strike’ against black money, calling it a ‘bold’ , ‘necessary’ and ‘well intentioned’ step. A more rabid section of his fans see all complaints as coming from those who benefited from black money, mainly the BJP’s political opponents. The Prime Minister himself has called upon the nation to ‘make sacrifices’ and put up with hardship for 50 days in this battle against corruption.

However, growing consensus among economists both within and outside the country is that demonetisation is a foolish measure and will hurt the Indian economy badly – especially farmers, small businesses, labour and anyone part of the country’s informal sector – and operates on a daily basis through cash transaction. The informal sector constitutes over 30 % of the Indian economy in value and 92% in terms of workforce employed[1].

Since the drastic policy was announced on November 8, all these have come to a complete standstill, leaving millions without livelihood or means to buy basic goods. As one respected economist has pointed out demonetisation may have permanently damaged India’s informal sector[2].

A severe deflation is predicted over the next six months to a year or even longer, as spending power disappears or goes down for millions of Indians and businesses shut down. There is also the concern that, with government issued currency losing credibility through demonetisation, more and more people will keep their money in unproductive but safe assets like gold and property.

So, why would the government take such a high risk step ? What was Mr Modi really trying to do when he announced a measure that directly affects almost every single family in the second most populous nation on the planet?  Who are the real beneficiaries of this drastic policy? Will it really stop black money from circulating in the economy and end corruption from the country?

Despite all this propaganda it is quite clear now that demonetisation has nothing really to do with black money, that constitutes a sizeable 20 % of the Indian economy, of which only 6% is hoarded in cash, the rest being stashed away in gold, real estate and foreign accounts. If the government was serious about hurting the beneficiaries of black money they would have started by prosecuting those who keep such ill-gotten wealth in non-cash assets. Also, given the large-scale collusion of the Indian political class and bureaucracy in corruption the Modi regime should have first gone after its own ministers and government officials (particularly from the tax and revenue collection departments) to set a public example.

At its core, demonetisation is essentially an an attempt at economic and social engineering – on behalf of corporate banking and financial elites – the new paymasters Modi genuflects to after having ditched the small and medium mercantile lobbies the BJP represented for long. The Indian middle-classes, both real and aspirational, are rooting for the policy as they see a consolidation of their own power and future benefits in it.

With one stone, the policy’s architects have tried to slaughter many birds: recapitalise public banks burdened with bad loans; lend out new deposits to cronies in the corporate sector; enrich new entrants into the digital banking business, give the government extra funds to spend on its pet projects and steal a march over political rivals.

a. Rebooting troubled Indian banks: The bad loans or Non Performing Assets (NPAs) in the Indian banking sector, stood at nearly6 lakh crore rupees by end of March 2016[3].  Over 90 per cent of this is on the books of public-sector banks, with the State Bank of India accounting for the highest amount. Even this sum, stunning as it may be, is considered a gross underestimation and if loans that face the risk of being declared NPAs are also taken into account, theoverall stressed advances of Indian banks will double[4].  A bulk of the NPAs are in turn due to default on interest payments by the corporate sector, which has been milking the banking system through its political patrons.

The increase in deposits of banks expected due to the crackdown on black money is expected to help banks get into better health, lower interest rates and enable them to resume lending to Indian businesses again. In other words, demonetisation is a way of saving many Indian public sector banks while also providing corporates with fresh loans,  a very dubious strategy given those in power seem to have no real will to recover money from their defaulter cronies.

b. Increasing the government’s cash flow: One of the justifications being given now for demonetisation is that an estimated Rs.16 lakh crores circulating in the Indian economy as cash, mostly in the form of 500 and 1000 rupee notes, will all get accounted for as they will be forced to go through the banking system. Assuming that a significant portion of the cash held in high denomination notes is ‘black money’ – it is argued that a significant percentage of this black money will not come back at all due to fear of penalties and prosecution and becomes useless. This will reduce the overall liability of the Researve Bank of India by anywhere between 2-4 lakh crore rupees, providing a windfall to the state exchequer. This calculation has been challenged by several economists but even if it were right, the moot question is what the government plans to spend all this extra money on, given its extremely poor record of spending on health, education and infrastructure for the welfare of the population?What is the guarantee that it will not all end up in the pockets of ruling party politicians and their businessmen friends?

c. Boosting the digital cash economy: In July this year a new study by Google and Boston Consulting Group[5] predicted an exponential increase in digital payments, estimated to grow by 10 times to touch US$500 billion by 2020 – or around 15% of the Indian GDP by that time. A bulk of these payments, the study said, will be micro-transactions, with over 50% of person-to-merchant business expected to be under100.

The biggest barrier to this prediction coming true however is supposed to be the fact that a vast majority of Indians prefer to use cash over digital money. Cash, as a percentage of total consumer payments in India, is around 98%, compared with 55% in the US and 48% in the UK, according to report by Payments Council of India released in 2015[6].

In one sweeping stroke, the Modi regime has changed all that and through demonetisation is about to force millions of Indians into the waiting arms of around a dozen private ‘payment banks’ given licences to operate by the Reserve Bank of India in 2015. Among the big non-banking sector corporate grabbing these licenses are Reliance Industries, Airtel, Aditya Birla group, Vodafone, Paytm and Tech Mahindra. The fact that Paytm[7] saw more than five-fold rise in overall traffic in less than 18 hours of the demonetization is an indication that ‘achche din’ have really arrived for the BJP’s cronies in the new banking sector.

Ironically  (or maybe not so ironically) the total black money stored in digital form in foreign banks and in benami names in domestic banks and in shares, bonds and other financial instruments is much bigger than that in hard cash. In the absence of a honest political ruling class, bureaucracy or police the shift to a digital economy will only make it easier to store black money while making companies in the banking sector rich.

d. Cutting political opponents to size: Apart from all these dubious motives behind demonetisation there seems to be something even more devious at work. There are serious allegations of a scam–that BJP insiders changed their hoards of black money into white in various ways in the run up to the new policy. While these charges need further investigation, the Indian media has already reported a suspicious surge in bank deposits in the months just prior to demonetisaion and even produced evidence of the BJP’s West Bengal unit depositing large sums of cash[8] into its account just hours before the announcement was made. Given the widespread use of black money in cash by all political parties during elections demonetisation is calculated to hit the BJP’s opponents in the upcoming Punjab and Uttar Pradesh elections. Public discontent over the policy could however negate any such gains.

Looking at the demonetisation policy from a more long-term political perspective the portents under the current regime are scary. What Narendra Modi is really proving is that he is capable of playing a very high-risk game in order to boost his own stature, ram through policies that benefit his corporate cronies and care two hoots for the welfare of the Indian masses (despite being a chaiwallah’s son himself!). It is a display of high confidence, even arrogance, on part of the BJP ‘strongman’ that is extraordinary even by his previous record and standards.

The other point to note is that the Indian right wing, represented by the BJP and the Sangh Parivar, is not at all hesitatnt about turning the entire country or even the Indian Constitution upside down in pursuit of whatever objectives they deem worthwhile. In that sense the idea of ‘revolution’ or overthrow of the state and current social order,  rhetorically championed for long by leftists, is being implemented in practice by the right-wing. The Sangh Parivar has become the only effective insurrectionary force in the country today- with truly frightening possibilities in future, including a political emergency to accompany the financial one.

This is not to say at all they will necessarily succeed in their plans. Fortunately for Indian democracy, those espousing fascist control also seem to be cocksure and foolish – as undoubtedly Modi and his men have been with the demonetisation decision –a truly spectacular self-goal on their part.
With public anger against the policy growing steadily this is perhaps the right time for opponents of the Parivar’s various, draconian gameplans to get their act together and mobilise the Indian people. How seriously they carry out this mission will determine whether it is the Parivar or its opponents who finally go out of circulation –like the recently abolished currencies.

Satya Sagar is a journalist and public health worker who can be reached sagarnama@gmail.com
--------------------------------Ref
[1]Indian Informal Sector: an Analysis Dr. Muna Kalyani. International Journal of Managerial Studies and Research (IJMSR) Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2016, PP 78-85.
https://www.arcjournals.org/pdfs/ijmsr/v4-i1/9.pdf
[2] http://thewire.in/80564/modis-demonetisation-move-may-have-permanently-damaged-indias-informal-sector/
[3] http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/51078318.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst
[4] http://www.dnaindia.com/money/report-indian-banks-stressed-loans-pile-set-to-top-rs-13-lakh-crore-2211890
[5] http://www.livemint.com/Industry/M6SPyd4vUcC7QIQRnjBqaO/Digital-payments-in-India-seen-touching-500-billion-by-2020.html
[6] https://www.saddahaq.com/digital-india-epayments-and-online-transactions-upset-the-traditional-paper-payment-apple-cart-incentives-for-epayments-could-be-offered-in-the-budget
[7] http://www.livemint.com/Companies/iHcFkPVVuATAjxCD5zK4QJ/Digital-payment-platforms-record-surge-in-transactions-after.html
[8] http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/bengal-bjp-deposits-money-just-hours-before-currency-ban-announcement-cpm-alleges-tip-off/articleshow/55372157.cms
 

Monday, 21 November 2016

Demonetization in India - National Hawker Federation Report


Demonetization in India Has Paralyzed Retail Trade and the Informal Economy, Triggered Violence, Poverty and Despair
National Hawker Federation

By Saktiman Ghosh
Global Research, November 19, 2016

The National Hawker Federation (NHF) expresses its strong disagreement with the ways in which the Government of India has addressed the evil of corruption in the country. While we do feel as a collective of more than 1176 unions and associations of street vendors of this country, that black money and the corruption raj should end and rule of law be established, we strongly believe that struggle against corruption cannot be waged devoid of a strong social will, a long-term agenda, an alternative infrastructural vision, and popular consent.

We have seen in the last few days, how millions have faced unnecessary harassment, and sizeable loss of income due to a sudden and unprecedented demonetization of the economy.

As victims of the structural violence of corruption in bureaucracy, the street vendors are critically aware of how black-markets operate. The people involved in financial corruption hardly keep their undisclosed incomes in the form of hard cash as such. The people of India know how unaccounted money constantly takes the form of precious foreign currencies, real-estate property, and gold. If the Government was serious enough to stop/minimize the circulation of black money, it should have followed different mechanisms, and should not have exposed the entire country to a state of (yet undeclared) economic emergency.

Instead, the Union Government treaded a path that impoverished the 98 percent of India. We know, even after so much self-congratulatory statements about financial inclusionand monetization of welfare through Aadhaar, and the spectacular spread of cell phone and internet infrastructures; Indian trade has continued to remain “post-paid” and hard-cash driven. It is curious to note that even the app based businesses in the urban transport and retail sectors had to take recourse to the prevailing practices of the land.

We believe, a sudden demonetization of the economy was targeted to restructure this age-old system, and paralyze the circulation of hard cash in the market. Such a violent measure has been justified in the name of a holy war against corruption. The ultimate target of the Government is to smoothen the entry of informatized big capital to make an inroad predominantly in retail and transport sectors. The anonymous market process appears to be inadequate to usher in a complete destruction of small economies.

The informal economy of this country, which employs roughly the 93 percent of India’s working class, has been impoverished. Around 50 percent of the street vendors of India do not still have bank accounts. In addition, a sizeable section of street vendors can access banks only at their home towns/villages as they usually keep valid documents at home in safe custody. They migrate to cities, and save their little incomes in the form of INR 500 and 1000 notes. They need the supply of hard cash from the last day’s transaction to start a new cycle in the morning. They procure merchandise from the wholesalers in the late night, or in the early morning depending on the product cycles. It is virtually impossible for these groups to hastily put together a valid documentation and access the banking facility. Even if they access the banks, they do so at a huge cost. Many of them have already spent a full working day in the bank, sacrificing their wages. When they return, they have to re-assemble a broken supply chain.

Who will count the aggregate loss in the informal economy? Why will they bear such economic hardships when they have no role in corruption? Why will they consent to a decision in which their consent is not even sought? What kind of democracy are we practicing in India in which only a handful of top regime functionaries take major economic decisions without debates and public practising in India in which only a handful of top regime functionaries take major economic decisions without debates and publicnotifications? An electoral victory hardly authorizes them to use emergency powers at will. We hope, the Government reconsiders its totalitarian decision, and remains confined to conventional democratic procedures.Saktiman Ghosh General Secretary of the NHF

The original source of this article is Counter Currents
Copyright © Saktiman Ghosh, Counter Currents, 2016

“Black Money” Prominent Citizens Question Delhi Government's Intentions


“Black Money” and India’s Demonetization Project
Prominent Citizens Question Delhi Government's Intentions
By Prof Prabhat Patnaik

Global Research, November 19, 2016    Countercurrents.org 16 November 2016

We, the undersigned, support all efforts to stop corruption, stamp out black money and counterfeit currency, and act against funding that helps creates unrest in the country be it through terrorism or creating divisions and hatred among people.

However, the decision to demonetize Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes is misconceived and will not address the problem of black money for the following reasons:

1.If it is the Government’s case that high value denomination currency is used to hoard black money, then the decision to reissue new Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes does not make sense. Issuing even higher value Rs 2000 note is completely inexplicable and puzzling.

2.Black money is generated through evasion of taxes on income from lawful activities and money generated from illegal activities. In the absence of steps to curb the generation of black money, demonetization is a futile exercise, as it proved to be in 1978.

3.In the last 5 years, IT raids have found that only 5-6% of black money is kept in hard cash. Moreover, those who have amassed sizable black money are equipped to find ways
around demonetization by converting their existing cash to bullion, gold jewellery, real estate and foreign currencies through brokers and middle-men. In fact, organized middle-men and touts have already emerged to convert black money into white for a commission.

4.As per The Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata study done on behalf of the National Investigation Agency (NIA), Rs 400 crores worth of fake currency is in circulation in the Indian economy. This is only .028% of Rs 14,180 billion worth currency demonetised in Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes

5.Experts including a former RBI Governor and the current Chief Economist of the World Bank have spoken against demonetization.6.86% of currency in circulation is in Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes. 97% of all transactions by volume are done in cash. Summary demonetization has created chaos all over the country with people unable to purchase daily essentials and, in many cases, life-saving goods and services. 5 persons, including one infant, have died as a direct result of the impact of demonetization

7.Only about 30% of the Indian population has access to the banking system as per data compiled by the banking division of the finance ministry. Moreover, the distribution of banks is highly skewed with a third of all bank branches in only 60 Tier 1 and Tier 2 cities/towns. Consequently, people in rural India who often also suffer from inadequate information have become the worst victims of demonetisation.

8.Reports have started coming in of digital payment systems unable to keep up with the new volume of transactions with credit and debit card servers also going down.

9.All currency has value only because of the inherent trust in the banking system. Summary demonetization has shaken this trust and will likely impact India’s economy well beyond
the initial and widespread chaos.

It is evident that demonetisation will not achieve its stated intent of eliminating black money but has thrown the entire country’s economic system in disarray. Related developments also call into question Government’s intentions and need clarification:

1.Rs 1.14 lakh crore of bad debts has been waived by Government banks in the last 3 years. At the same time, loans worth lakhs of crores of rupees are still outstanding. Why has the
Government not made public the names of the beneficiaries of the waiver and the names of the big defaulters, both individuals and corporations?

2.A key campaign promise was to bring back black money stashed abroad and deposit Rs 15 lakh each from the proceeds in the account of every citizen. Why has the Government not
made public the names held by it of Indian account holders in offshore banks?

3.Were BJP leaders and friends given prior information about the impending demonetisation so that they could take pre-emptive measures to safeguard their assets? [The WB unit of the BJP is reported to have deposited a total of Rs 3 crore in Rs 500 and Rs 1000 notes in its bank accounts in the days and hours before the announcement of the demonetisation. A BJP leader posted pictures of wads of Rs 2000 notes much in advance of the demonetisation. A digital payments company printed a full page advertisement lauding demonetisation in a newspaper on the morning following the announcement at 8 pm on November 8, 2016.]

4.Why did the Government announce that cash deposits higher than Rs 2.5 lakh will be scrutinised against the tax return with 200% penalty for any tax evasion? [This appears to be intended to dissuade people from depositing money so that the Government can claim success of demonetisation and forewarn people to split their deposits among different accounts and different depositors.]
5.All conversions can be done only after filling a form and attaching ID proof. This has led to major harassment of poor and illiterate people and those who do not have an identity card.

6.What is the cost of demonetisation? [It has been estimated that the cost of replacing currency in circulation with new Rs 500 and Rs 2000 notes will be Rs 20,000 crore. Besides, far
greater losses will be incurred by markets predominantly run on cash and the participants (wholesale markets, retail stores, street-vendors, transportation etc) and in lost productivity.]

7.Even if the Government was intent on demonetisation, why was it not implemented after careful planning: new notes printed, arrangements made for distribution, ATMs recalibrated etc? [It has been seen that banks are running out of cash within hours of opening and most ATMs are still non-functional.]

8.We are all concerned about the use of money power in elections. Why hasn’t the Government proposed state funding of elections? Why is the BJP resolutely against transparency in
its own funding by refusing to come under the Right to Information Act?

The summary way demonetisation has been effected is leading to a riot like situation in the country. We demand that the Government ensure that common people have immediate access to enough money to pay for their daily needs and health emergencies. Failing which, we demand the rollback of demonetisation or suspension of demonetisation to enable the common person to make adequate arrangements for daily needs and for more orderly phasing out of the old notes. The role of the Government is to undertake honest tax administration and not to treat the common person like a criminal making him/her stand in line and filling forms to access his/her own legitimate money.

Signed/-
Prabhat Patnaik,Prashant Bhushan, Aruna Roy, Bezwada Wilson, Jayati Ghosh, Harsh Mander,Kavita Srivastav, CP Chandrasekhar, Nikhil Dey, Shantha Sinha, Aniket Alam,Dipa Sinha

The original source of this article is Countercurrents.org  Copyright © Prof Prabhat Patnaik, Countercurrents.org, 2016

Sunday, 20 November 2016

Highlights of Xi's address at 2016 APEC CEO summit

Highlights of Xi's address at 2016 APEC CEO summit 

Source: Xinhua |  2016-11-20 02:15:21 | Editor: huaxia 

Screenshot of Chinese President Xi Jinping delivering a keynote speech at the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) CEO Summit in Lima, capital of Peru on Nov. 19, 2016. (Xinhua Photo)
























LIMA, Nov. 19 (Xinhua)
Chinese President Xi Jinping on Saturday delivered a keynote speech at the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) CEO Summit in Lima, capital of Peru, highlighting open economy, inter-connectivity and global growth. The following is the gist of his address:

* We traveled thousands of miles to Peru for a common goal: To discuss the ideas and measures for promoting the development in Asia-Pacific region.

* The Asia-Pacific should boost economic integration and build open economy as openness is the lifeline of the regional economy.

* Any regional trade arrangement, in order to earn broad support, must be open, inclusive and all-win; closed or exclusive pacts are not the right choice.

* Building the FTAAP is a strategic choice concerning the long-term prosperity of the Asia-Pacific; We should steadfastly promote its construction and provide institutional guarantees for fostering an open regional economy.

* We need to promote inter-connectivity and realize collaborative development. Inter-connectivity is an important way to unleash development potential and serves as a basic premise for the realization of collaborative development.

* The Belt and Road Initiative, with inter-connectivity as main focus, was proposed three years ago to facilitate the free and convenient circulation of production factors, forge platform
for diversified cooperation and realize win-win results and shared development. It has gained active participation and support from over 100 countries and international organizations as of now.

* Braving anemic global growth and domestic challenges, China has kept its contribution to world economic growth at more than 25 percent in recent years.

* China will implement its opening-up strategy more actively, so as to create a deeper, more comprehensive and diversified pattern of opening-up.

* In 5 years, China is expected to bring its volume of imports to 8 trillion U.S. dollars, total amount of inward foreign investment 600 billion dollars, stock of outward foreign investment 750 billion dollars, and number of outbound tourist trips 700 million.
 ===============================================

News Analysis: By Matt Burgess
Peru APEC is opportunity to fight against protectionism 
 Source: Xinhua |  2016-11-18 15:40:13 | Editor: huaxia 



SYDNEY, Nov. 18 (Xinhua) -- The global economy is crying out for leadership to stem the opposition to free-trade, yet the stagnant economic recovery post-Global Financial Crisis is
having countries implementing inward looking policies.

The dynamics of European Union post the United Kingdom's referendum to leave the single market (Brexit) has created a global and regional integration challenge that's filtering throughout the developed world.

Increasing protectionist rhetoric by members of Australia's government -- both ruling and opposition power brokers -- as well as the looming Donald Trump presidency proves resistance to globalisation is gathering pace.

"That has got indirect impacts on the way APEC leaders are seeing the world," Director of the Institute of Global Finance at the University of New South Wales Professor Fariborz Moshirian, told Xinhua earlier this month.

And of course there are other regional forces at play dictating whether APEC on its own can become a force for economic and financial integration, Moshirian said, noting the friction between the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP).
"It's a bit complicated... everyone is trying to create their own sort of bloc," Moshirian said, adding it's essentially a battle for "supremacy and control of trade and investment within the Asia Pacific region."

Feasibility and cost-benefit studies of a free trade zone covering all APEC members, agreed as part of a proposed Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP) at the 2014 APEC summit in Beijing, are to be delivered at the Peru Summit.

The free trade zone encompassing the 21 APEC members, who currently account for over 50 percent of global GDP, should potentially be implemented no later than 2025 if agreements can be reached, just under 20 years after its original proposal by the United States.

With roughly 10-percent of national income traded, there is little risk for the United States if they pushed for FTAAP to be delayed, though they would risk isolating themselves in the Asia-Pacific.
Australia seeks to negate this, wanting to "capitalise on this moment in the global economy" though increased free-trade in the booming Asia-Pacific, but is consciences that the "impacts of change can be borne unevenly across the community".

"Countries that have embraced open trade and investment policies have experienced, as we know, significant gains in income, employment and living standards," Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull told the Business Council of Australia annual dinner on Thursday night, adding it has lifted billions of people out of poverty in the region.

"But we are living in a time where the pace and scale of change is without precedent in human history.

"Change is unsettling, and as people see things change around them, they are concerned they could be left behind. Weaker growth in incomes is feeding uncertainty, helping anti-trade sentiment find a foothold."

Turnbull said the world has seen economies introduce the equivalent of five protectionist trade policies per week over the past year, the fastest pace since the Global Financial Crisis.

"Retreating from policies that have delivered us prosperity and opportunity is the wrong call," Turnbull said.

But protectionism isn't just about trade policies, it's also the issues that influence trade.

Since the Global Financial Crisis, the developed world economies have been running extraordinarily loose monetary policy, some experimental.

It's a bid to lower a country's currency to make their exports more competitive. In effect, increase exports, decrease imports and spur the domestic economy, Moshirian said.

"But if everyone does it, it's the same thing that happened in the great depression, and you suddenly slow down free trade," Moshirian said.

The ideal solution to boost global trade, thus global growth is the failed World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha trade negotiations that stumbled because complex issues couldn't be resolved. So, nations are now forming regional trade blocks, which are politically charged.

Pushing FTAAP is using APEC to its full capacity, minimising the smaller, politically charged trading blocs such as RCEP and TPP.

An agreement on the feasibly of FTAAP proves APEC is a rightful global leader in a region of dynamic change. It's now time for APEC to pull together to agree to press the next stage,
the Doha round.

"Frankly, my hope (is) that they can just not play politics, but rather be united for multilateral free trade," Moshirian said. 

Thursday, 17 November 2016

மோடியின் நாணயத் தடை மோசடியின் இலங்கை விளைவுகள்


இந்தியப் பிரதமர் நரேந்திர மோடி 500 ரூபா, 1000 ரூபா நாணயத்தாள்களை செல்லுபடியற்றவையாக அறிவித்ததையடுத்து, சிறிலங்காவில் இந்த நாணயத் தாள்களை வைத்திருக்கும் பெருமளவானோர் நெருக்கடிகளைச் சந்தித்து வருகின்றனர்.
கடந்த 9ஆம் நாள் தொடக்கம் இந்த நாணயத்தாள்கள் செல்லுபடியற்றவை என்று அறிவிக்கப்பட்டதையடுத்து, சிறிலங்காவில் உள்ள வெளிநாட்டு நாணயமாற்று நிலையங்களில், 500, 1000 ரூபா இந்திய நாணயத் தாள்களை ஏற்றுக்கொள்ள மறுக்கின்றனர்.

பழைய நாணயத் தாள்களை மாற்றிக் கொள்வதற்கு இந்திய அரசாங்கம் டிசெம்பர் 30ஆம் நாள் வரை காலஅவகாசம் வழங்கியுள்ளது.

இந்தியாவுக்கு அடிக்கடி பயணம் மேற்கொள்வோர் மற்றும் வியாபாரிகள் 500, 1000 ரூபா இந்திய நாணயத் தாள்களை அதிகளவில் பயன்படுத்தி வருகின்றனர்.

இவர்கள் வைத்துள்ள இந்த நாணயத் தாள்களை சிறிலங்காவில் மாற்றிக் கொள்ள முடியாத நிலை ஏற்பட்டுள்ளது.



இதுகுறித்து சிறிலங்கா நாணயமாற்று சங்கம் கூறுகையில், பெரும்பாலான வெளிநாட்டு நாணயமாற்று செயற்பாடுகள் நாளாந்த நாணயமாற்றுப் பெறுமதியிலேயே இடம்பெறும் என்றும், இந்த முகவர்களுக்கு இந்தியாவில் வங்கிக் கணக்கு இல்லாததால், அவர்கள் செல்லுபடியற்றதாக அறிவிக்கப்பட்ட இந்திய நாணயத்தாள்களை மாற்றிக் கொள்ள முடியாது என்றும் தெரிவித்துள்ளது.

சிறிலங்காவில் உள்ள 70 வீதமான சிறிய நாணயமாற்று முகவர்கள், இந்திய நாணயத்தாள்களை வாங்கி விற்கும் செயற்பாடுகளையே மேற்கொண்டு வந்தனர்.


அவர்கள் செல்லுபடியற்ற நாணயத் தாள்களை வாங்கினால், அதனை விற்க முடியாது என்பதால், நட்டமடைவார்கள் என்றும் அந்தச் சங்கம் கூறியுள்ளது.

இந்த நிலையில், செல்லுபடியற்ற இந்திய நாணயத் தாள்களை மாற்றுவது தொடர்பாக கொழும்பிலுள்ள இந்தியத் தூதரக ஊடகப் பிரிவில் பணியாற்றும் அதிகாரியான நிதின் விளக்கமளித்துள்ளார்.

“சாதாரணமாக ஒருவர் 25 ஆயிரம் இந்திய ரூபாவுக்கும் அதிகமான இந்திய நாணயத்தாள்களை நாட்டுக்கு வெளியே கொண்டு செல்ல முடியாது.

செல்லுபடியற்றதாக அறிவிக்கப்பட்டுள்ள நாணயத்தாள்களை இங்குள்ள மக்கள் எவரேனும் வைத்திருந்தால், அந்த தாள்களை மீண்டும் இந்தியாவுக்குச் செல்லும் போது மாற்றிக் கொள்ளலாம்.
இல்லாவிடின், இந்தியாவில் உள்ள நண்பர்கள் அல்லது உறவினர்களுக்கு அனுப்பி அதனை மாற்றிக் கொள்ளலாம்” என்று அவர் கூறியுள்ளார்.

இதற்கிடையே, செல்லுபடியற்றதாக அறிவிக்கப்பட்டுள்ள இந்திய நாணயத்தாள்களை சிறிலங்காவுக்குள் மாற்றுவது தொடர்பாக தமக்கு எந்தப் பொறுப்பும் இல்லை என்று சிறிலங்காவின் நாணய மாற்று கட்டுப்பாட்டுத் திணைக்களம் தெரிவித்துள்ளது.

தற்போது சிறிலங்கா மத்திய வங்கியினால் 14 நாடுகளின் நாணயங்களே கண்காணிக்கப்படுகின்றன. அதில் இந்திய நாணயம் பட்டியலிடப்படவில்லை. எனவே, இந்திய நாணய பரிமாற்று வர்த்தகம் சிறிலங்காவில் சட்டரீதியானதல்ல.

அத்துடன் இந்திய நாணயத்தை சிறிலங்காவுக்கு எடுத்துவருவதற்கும் அனுமதிக்கப்படுவதில்லை” என்று நாணயமாற்று கட்டுப்பாட்டாளர் ரி.எம்.ஜே.வை.பி.பெர்னான்டோ தெரிவித்துள்ளார்.

Under Trump, China may once again replace Russia as main U.S. adversary


Under Trump, China may once again replace Russia as main U.S. adversary

November 15, 2016 Sergei Strokan, Maxím Yusin, Kommersant 

The imminent change in U.S. policy will alter Washington’s relations with the world, with Donald Trump’s promises to get tough on trade with China possibly heralding a souring in relations between the world’s two biggest economies. Meanwhile, his positive statements on Russia may see a warming in ties with Moscow.

Donald Trump’s election as the next U.S. president will bring about a change in America’s relations with the outside world. The shift of global confrontation into the world economy makes a new showdown between Washington and Beijing inevitable.

Trump, who sees national interests as protection of the American market, intends to introduce protectionist measures against China, which may deliver a serious blow to its economy. This gives Russia a new chance to have sanctions against it lifted and to gradually restore relations with the West.

Although there is still two months remaining till the official handover of power in Washington, world capitals have started preparing for the arrival of the new American leader. Russian President Vladimir Putin was one of the first world leaders to congratulate Trump on his election. Officials in Moscow openly expressed their satisfaction at the impending change of power in Washington.

Trump statements leave China guarded

Reaction from Beijing was far more reserved. The Chinese Foreign Ministry’s official spokesman Lu Kang expressed the hope that the new U.S. leadership will “take an objective view of trade and economic relations” between their two countries.

He was responding to journalists’ request to outline Beijing’s position on some of the hardline statements that Trump had made on his campaign trail. Their gist was that the main dividends from bilateral trade go to Beijing rather than Washington. Trump more than once made it clear that, if elected president, he intends to change this state of affairs to actively protect the interests of American business.

“Were it not for the benefit of both our nations, it would have been impossible to reach such a level of trade. That is why trade and economic cooperation between China and the U.S. is mutually beneficial,” said Kang. He went on to add that in 2015 bilateral trade reached an astronomical figure of $560 billion.

For its part, Beijing expects Trump to outline a clear position on some of the more sensitive issues in bilateral relations that concern security, the diplomat said. These include the deployment of the United States’ THAAD missile defense system in South Korea and territorial disputes in the South China Sea.

Pragmatism above ideology

Experts believe that Donald Trump’s election opens a prospect for Russia of no longer being perceived in America as its main potential enemy.

“In China, there are indeed concerns that under Donald Trump relations between Washington and Beijing will deteriorate and these concerns are quite justified, although this scenario cannot yet be considered as definite,” said Alexander Lomanov, a chief researcher with the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Institute of the Far East.

Lomanov points out that numerous political contradictions had accumulated in relations between the two countries during Barack Obama’s presidency. These contradictions were linked to the situation in the South China Sea, the need to defend Asian allies from “the Chinese threat,” tensions around Hong Kong and other irritants.

According to Maxim Suchkov, an expert with the Russian Council on Foreign Affairs, Moscow is interested in seeing under the new U.S. administration “a new system of national security priorities in which the main threat will not be Russia.”

The view is echoed by Vladimir Sotnikov, the head of the Russia-East-West Center for Strategic Studies and Analysis: “Do you remember who Barack Obama listed as America’s main enemies? Russia, Islamic State and Ebola,” he said, adding that Trump is “unlikely” to adhere to the same approach.

“He is more about pragmatism than ideology; he realizes that Russia poses no threat to the United States’ vital interests. These vital interests do not lie in the former Soviet Union, in Ukraine, but in completely different regions,” said Sotnikov.

“Which means that a path is opening for a dialogue with Moscow and for possible geopolitical bargains that the Democratic administration in the White House would never have agreed to.”

Kashmir Day 132: Elderly man hit by tear gas killed

Day 132: Elderly man hit by tear gas shell succumbs
Published at November 17, 2016 08:26:

Large number of people attend his funeral prayers, protests in Soura

• Panchayat ghar, school building torched
• 2 persons involved in burning, ransacking of schools in Budgam arrested: Police


Mir Liyaqat Ali Srinagar, Nov 17:

 An elderly man of Illahi Bagh Soura, who had sustained head injury after being hit by a tear gas shell on November 2, succumbed to injuries on Thursday.

The shutdown remained in force in Valley for the 132nd day today while a government panchayat ghar and government schools were torched by unknown persons and police claimed to have arrested to persons involved in torching and ransacking of schools in Central Kashmir’s Budgam district.
75-year-old Ghulam Muhammad Khan, who was hit by tear gas shell fired by forces in Soura area on November 2, succumbed to injuries at SKIMS, Soura today.

Khan, a former president of Secretariat Employees Union, had gone for a walk outside his home at Ellahi Bagh, Soura when hit by a tear gas shell on head.

“He had suffered severe head injury and doctors had kept him on ventilator at the SKIMS from the day one,” a doctor of the hospital said.

Family members of Khan said no protests were going on in the area when he was hit by tear gas shell fired by the forces.

The family members alleged that Khan was deliberately targeted by force personnel when he was sitting in the nearby park.

A senior police official said that FIR no. 124/2016 has been lodged into the incident and investigations taken up.

As the news about his death spread, large number of people visited his residence and participated in his funeral prayers amidst chanting of pro-freedom, pro-Pakistan and anti-India slogans. He was buried at his ancestral graveyard in Ellahi Bagh, Soura.

The youth of the area staged a protest demonstration against the killing of elderly person. They clashed with the police and paramilitary personnel, who were deployed in strength in the area to foil protests. The clashes continued for some time.

With the killing of the 75-year-old Khan, the death toll of people killed in ongoing unrest in the Valley triggered by killing of 21-year-old Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani on July 8 have risen to 94. Over 13,000 people have also been injured in the forces action in last more than four months in the Valley.

Meanwhile, life in Valley remained crippled for the 132nd consecutive day today due to separatists-sponsored shutdown. The shops, business establishments, educational institutions and petrol pumps remained closed while public transport was off the roads. However, private vehicles and three wheelers were plying.

The clashes erupted between youth and force personnel in Fateh Kadal of down Srinagar. The clashes continued for some time and a woman was injured after being hit by stone.
Meanwhile, unknown persons set ablaze a panchayat house in Arigam village of South Kashmir’s Pulwama district.

The fire was extinguished by the firefighters.

The single -storey Panchayat Ghar was damaged in the fire incident.

In another incident, fire broke out under suspicious circumstances at government middle school at Busarbugh in Ganderbal district of central Kashmir.

“A chowkidar and some teachers present in the school at the time of the fire brought the blaze under control,” officials said, adding the fire damaged a store in the building.

They said police is investigating the cause of the fire at both the places.

Fire also damaged a shopping complex at Duderhama town in Ganderbal district yesterday, the officials said, adding cause of the fire was not known immediately.

Meanwhile, police today claimed to have arrested two miscreants namely Farooq Ahmad Malik alias Buda son of Ali Mohammad Malik and Bilal Ahmad Malik alias Durani son of Abdul Karim Malik residents of Shunglipora for setting on fire Government School at Habbar, Lassipora in Budgam.

“As the school was located away from the human habitation, the two miscreants managed some kerosene oil from their respective homes and used the same for setting the school on fire. Both of them have confessed to their guilt,” a police spokesman said.

He said the duo had also ransacked Hanfia School in the Budgam district.

“Both of them have been arrested and further investigation is going on,” added the spokesman.
In past four months of unrest in the Valley, over 32 schools have been torched by unknown persons.

(Additional inputs from PTI)

Sunday, 13 November 2016

PM Modi speaks to Trump, extends best wishes


PM Modi speaks to Trump, extends best wishes on being next US President-elect

 PTI, New Delhi
Updated: Nov 09, 2016 23:22 IST



Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday spoke to US President-elect Donald Trump to convey his best wishes following his electoral victory and hoped the two nations would continue to build on the “bedrock of strong Indo-US ties”.

“PM conveyed his best wishes & the two leaders looked forward to working closely to take the #IndiaUS strategic partnership to a new height.

“Continuing to build on the bedrock of strong Indo-US relations. PM spoke just now to @realDonaldTrump to congratulate him on his election,” Vikas Swarup, Ministry of External Affairs spokesman, said on twitter.

Earlier in the day, Modi had taken to the microblogging website to congratulate Trump on being elected as US President, saying he looked forward to working with him closely to take Indo-US ties to a new height.

 

Trump-Putin alliance sparks diplomatic crisis

Trump-Putin alliance sparks diplomatic crisis

Britain is facing a diplomatic crisis with the United States over Donald Trump's plans to forge an alliance with Vladimir Putin and bolster the Syrian regime.

In a significant foreign policy split, officials admitted that Britain will have some "very difficult" conversations with the president-elect in the coming months over his approach to Russia.

It comes after Mr Trump used his first interviews since winning the election to indicate that he will withdraw support for rebels in Syria and thanked Vladimir Putin for sending him a "beautiful" letter.

Mr Trump said he will instead join forces with Russia and focus on defeating Islamic State (IS). He has previously said it would be "nice" if the US and Russia could work together to "knock the hell out of" IS.

His views are in stark contrast to those of Theresa May, who has accused President Bashar al-Assad's regime of perpetrating "atrocious violence" and said that the long-term future of
Syria must be "without Assad".

Boris Johnson, the Foreign Secretary, has accused Russia of perpetrating war crimes over the deaths of hundreds of civilians.

The dramatic shift in US policy has prompted significant concern in the Foreign Office, and Britain will use the next two months before Mr Trump enters the White House to try to convince him of the importance of removing Assad from power.
 
Mr Johnson is expected to fly to the US within weeks to meet senior figures in Mr Trump's incoming administration and
make clear Britain believes Assad must go.

The diplomatic tensions emerged as a flotilla of Russian warships which had passed through the English Channel arrived off the coast of Syria.

 Mr Trump told the Wall Street Journal his administration will prioritise defeating IS in Syria rather than removing Assad. He said: "I've had an opposite view of many people regarding
Syria. My attitude was you're fighting Syria, Syria is fighting [IS], and you have to get rid of [IS].

"Russia is now totally aligned with Syria, and now you have Iran, which is becoming powerful, because of us, is aligned with Syria. Now we're backing rebels against Syria, and we have no idea who these people are."

He said that if the US attacks Assad's regime "we end up fighting Russia".

The Government had hoped that Mr Trump would be prepared to soften his stance on the issue after winning the election, as he has with several other flagship campaign plans including his pledge to repeal Obama care.

However, his interview signalled that he will pursue the alliance with Russia. Foreign Office officials emphasised that Britain will not change its position. "We have been very clear that Assad has no place in the future of Syria," the official said. "He has the blood of 400,000 people on his hands."

Another Foreign Office source said there is hope that Mr Trump will be forced to change his position when he deals with Mr Putin directly.

"There is no doubt that he looks upon Putin as a person who he thinks he can do business with," the source said. "When he discovers that Putin is not a rational or reasonable guy he
might change his mind. This will take time to settle down."


It came as President Putin urged Mr Trump to encourage NATO to withdraw its forces from Russia's borders as part of an attempt to improve relations. Dmitry Peskov, Mr Putin's official spokesman, said Russia sees "NATO's muscles getting bigger and bigger and closer and closer to Russian borders".As a "confidence-building measure" between the US and Russia, he said, Mr Trump could help relations by "slowing down" or "withdrawing" NATO's military presence from its borders.

There are mounting concerns over the future of NATO after Mr Trump suggested that the US may withdraw from the organisation because European members are failing to "pay their
bills".

During a visit to Norway, Sir Michael Fallon, the Defence Secretary, agreed that the level of expenditure by EU countries is "not good enough". Defence spending by European members
has fallen from 1.7 per cent of national income to 1.4 per cent on average.

It came as four Americans were killed yesterday in a suicide bombing inside the largest US military base in Afghanistan. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the bombing inside the
heavily fortified Bagram Airfield, north of Kabul. The assault highlights rising insecurity in Afghanistan nearly two years after US-led NATO forces formally ended their combat
operations.

Sir Michael said: "When we go out of the EU, only 20 per cent of the NATO budget will be paid by EU countries. That's not good enough."

Donald Trump's victory averted World War Three, top Putin aide claims

Donald Trump's victory averted World War Three, top Putin aide claims

© Provided by Independent Print Limited  One of Vladimir Putin’s closest advisors has claimed Donald Trump’s victory has averted a third world war.


Speaking after Mr Trump won a shock victory over Hillary Clinton on Tuesday, Kremlin advisor Sergei Glazyev said the Democrat politician was a “symbol of war” and under Mr Trump the US had “a chance to change course”.

He told Russian news wire RNS: “Americans had two choices: World War Three or multilateral peace.

“Clinton was a symbol of war, and Trump has a chance to change this course”.

Relations between the two countries have sunk to their lowest point since the Cold War after Russia was accused of interfering in the election with the strategic leak of emails which were damaging to Ms Clinton and the Democrat party.

In October, the Department of Homeland Security officially blamed Russia for the leaking of emails exchanged by members of the Democrat National Committee (DNC) where they conspired to undermine the campaign of Senator Bernie Sanders. Russian officials have repeatedly denied allegations of interference.

On Thursday, Russia’s deputy foreign minister Sergei Ryabkov said the Kremlin had been in frequent contact with Mr Trump’s campaign team ahead of his victory.



He told Russian news agency Interfax that Moscow had “contacts” within Mr Trump’s inner circle.
He said: “I don't say that all of them, but a whole array of them, supported contacts with Russian representatives”.

It comes as the former head of Nato, Anders Rasmussen, warned Mr Trump to show “strength” against Russia or it will be the “beginning of the end” for the US-led organisation.

Mr Rasmussen, who led the alliance between 2009 and 2014, said Mr Putin “only respects a firm hand” when dealing with other world leaders and said Nato needs to intervene to protect the vulnerable Baltic states.

He said: “The US must increase support for Nato's eastern flank, set up military bases wherever Russia is threatening the freedom and livelihood of US allies, and whole-heartedly protect Ukraine against future Russian aggression.

“The US President must initiate a no-fly zone to impose and maintain a credible and durable ceasefire in Syria.

“The US must force the President of Syria, Bashar al-Assad, to the negotiating table and find a political solution to the devastating conflict.”

Mr Rasmussen, who previously served as the Prime Minister of Denmark, is currently working as an adviser to Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko.

His comments follow remarks made by former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright where she called Mr Trump “a useful idiot” for Mr Putin to exploit.

She said: “The main thing is to remember that he is President of the United States and that our interests vis a vis what the Russians are doing are very important, and that our friends and allies in central and eastern Europe have been our friends and allies for a very, very long time”.

President Assad: Syria is ready to co-operate with Donald Trump

President Assad: Syria is ready to co-operate with Donald Trump

President-elect has vowed that the US will be less interventionist in the Middle East in future, a stance welcomed by Damascus


Bethan McKernan Beirut

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his Iranian and Russian allies have welcomed the news Donald Trump will be the 45th President of the United States Getty

Embattled Syrian President Bashar al-Assad is “ready” to cooperate with the US President-elect Donald Trump, one of Mr Assad’s advisers has said.

Speaking to US media group National Public Radio on Thursday – just after Mr Trump’s seismic victory in the US general election – Bouthaina Shaaban cautiously suggested the Syrian government would "wait to see what are the policies of the President-elect... particularly towards terrorism," ahead of any collaboration on Syria’s almost six-year-long civil war.

“I think the American people have sent a great, a very important message to the world,” she added.
The US has tacitly supported rebels in the war both logistically and financially.  In order to bring peace to the conflict which has killed more than 400,000 people to date, Washington has been committed to the idea that Mr Assad must be removed from power.

Mr Trump has indicated that his foreign policy stance will be less interventionist than his predecessors'. He stated in the second presidential debate that regime change only causes more instability in the Middle East and while Mr Assad is not exactly a welcome partner, shoring up his government is the best way to stem the extremism that has flourished in the chaos of Syria’s civil war.

Mr Trump has suggested withdrawing support for the Syrian rebels still fighting in east Aleppo, neighbouring Idlib province and the south of the country, which could prove to finally tilt the war in the Syrian government's favour.


Mr Trump has also advocated changes to the current US-led coalition’s strategy in dealing with Isis. He memorably elaborated on his policy on the campaign trail last year, saying he would “bomb the s*** out of them.”

“Isis is making a tremendous amount of money because they have certain oil camps, certain areas of oil that they took away,” he incorrectly claimed.

“I would just bomb those suckers. That's right. I'd blow up the pipes... I'd blow up every single inch. There would be nothing left. And you know what, you'll get Exxon to come in there and in two months, you ever see these guys, how good they are, the great oil companies? They’ll rebuild that sucker, brand new - it'll be beautiful."

The US is currently enmeshed in a complicated alliance in Syria with Turkey and Saudi Arabia, who would like to provide rebels – among them al-Qaeda-backed factions – with surface-to-air missiles.
Analysts are worried that such a move could greatly escalate the war, particularly if Russian planes backing Mr Assad’s air force are targeted.

Mr Trump himself has indicated he would like to repair ties with Russia, a sentiment President Vladimir Putin has welcomed.

Observers who believe that much of Mr Trump’s more alarming rhetoric was “campaign bluster” are waiting to find out whether the President-elect will tone down or amend his policy ideas when he takes office in January.